The nature of the Crimean peninsula is unique. Its territory can be divided into three zones:
- steppe Crimea;
- South coast;
- Crimean mountains.
In these zones, a climate has formed with specific features. The main part of the peninsula lies in the zone of temperate continental climate , and the southern coast - in the zone of subtropics . In winter, temperatures range from –3 to +1, and in summer from +25 to +37 degrees Celsius. The Crimea is washed by the Black and Azov Seas , and in the warm season they heat up to + 25- + 28 degrees. In the Crimean mountains, the mountain type of climate with distinction in zones.
Just look at this beauty!
At least 2400 plant species grow in Crimea, among them 240 species are endemic, that is, they are found only at this point on the planet. Crimean thyme and sainfoin Pallas grows in the foothill forest-steppe.
Grasses and shrubs such as tamarixes, Spanish gorse grow on the southern slope of the mountains.
In the forest-steppe zone grows a pear-leaved pear, juniper, linden, cornel, ash, hazel, hawthorn , beech, pistachios, Pontic needle.
In oak forests, there are maple and mountain ash, linden and hawthorn, hazel.
In beech-hornbeam forests, in addition to the main tree species, yew berry, Steven maple are found, and among grasses there is the Crimean top, taiga pear, and venus slipper.
Juniper, oak and shiblak forests grow in the coastal zone, among which grow magnolia, Italian olive, pyramidal cypress, and fig.
Poisonous plants of Crimea
However, in Crimea there is a sufficient number of poisonous plants:
In Crimea, a huge number of insects live. Hedgehogs, shrews (shrews and shrews) are found among insectivores.
Bats live in mountain and forest zones. Gophers and mice, different types of mice, field voles, squirrels, jerboas, hamsters are taken away on the peninsula.
On the territory you can meet hare-hare and acclimatized rabbits .
Predatory animals of Crimea
Among predators in the Crimea there are weasels and badgers, steppe foxes and martens, raccoon dogs and ferrets, red deer and roe deer, wild boars and bison .
Herbivores of Crimea
Some species of animals were introduced into the peninsula to diversify the fauna of the area. Today, there is the problem of preserving many populations, scientists are trying to preserve their numbers and, if possible, increase the number of individuals by creating reserves and reserves.
Birds of Crimea. Predator birds
Variegated Rock Thrush
To the hives