Nowadays, many plants are used in medicine, including the small periwinkle. This is an evergreen herb, which is a symbol of life and unquenchable love. You can find it in the territories of Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine and the Caucasus. The herbaceous plant belongs to the Kutrovy family and has other names: Rowing grass, Ivan da Marya and Zelenka.
Description and chemical composition
Periwinkle small refers to small shrubs. Its branched, erect and lying stems are always pressed to the ground, thus creating a kind of carpet. Leaves reach a length of 3-5 cm and have a unique sheen. They have a sharp, elliptical shape. Horizontally, the plant grows to 70 cm. The main advantages of the medicinal herb are beautiful axillary, single flowers of azure or lilac hue, each of which has its own leg.
The medicinal plant blooms from April to September. As a result, fruits appear (cylindrical two-leaves) with a pointed and sickle-curved shape. Herb can grow and delight others for a long period of time.
Periwinkle small consists of various alkaloids, namely: minorin, vincamine, vinyl, devinkan, pubiscin and other elements, the sum of which exceeds 20 species. In addition, the plant contains components such as flavonoids, ursolic acid, tannins, vitamins and saponins.
The healing properties of the plant
It has long been believed that periwinkle small has protective properties. Due to its unique composition, medicinal plant-based preparations help to lower blood pressure, lower vascular tone and provide peripheral vascular resistance. The medicinal plant has a calming, vasodilating, hypotensive, hemostatic, astringent and antimicrobial effect.
Small periwinkle is able to affect cell division and is used for the manufacture of immunosuppressants, as well as antitumor drugs. An infusion of plant flowers is used to enhance sexual activity. The use of periwinkle is also indicated for such diseases:
- skin diseases and wounds;
- dizziness and headaches.
The use of drugs from periwinkle helps to inhibit the growth of cancer cells and is useful for lymphogranulomatosis, hematosarcoma.
An infusion of a medicinal plant is an astringent and antimicrobial agent. It is used to stop bleeding of varying severity. A tincture from a medicinal plant helps to cure fibroids and uterine polyps, infertility, endometriosis, as well as prostatitis.
With the help of a decoction of small periwinkle, sore throat and toothache are eliminated, bleeding stops and various skin diseases are treated.
Despite the mass of medicinal properties, periwinkle belongs to poisonous plants. Therefore, before use, contraindications should be carefully studied and the possibility of an overdose avoided. The use of drugs is not recommended in the following cases:
- children under 12 years old;
- during pregnancy and lactation;
- when an allergic reaction (rash, itching, redness of the skin or swelling) occurs.
In case of an overdose, the cardiovascular system can be inhibited, which will negatively affect the work of the body as a whole. It is recommended to take medicines, which contain medicinal herbs, only after consulting with your doctor. The dosage of the drug should also be determined by the doctor.