Dogs, like any pets, need grooming. And if everything is more or less clear with nutrition and walking, then how to properly care for the dog’s hair, namely, combing it? There are a lot of nuances in this matter, because dog representatives have a variety of fur coats - with long hair, short, curly or even rope. What knowledge do you need to arm yourself with, and what tools will be required for this procedure?
Dog combing tools
Here there are quite a lot of different means that can keep the pet's coat in perfect shape: these are combs, and slickers, and chippers, and scallops, etc.
The most common tools, of course, are combs. But, of course, we are talking about special tools suitable for wool, and certain requirements are imposed on them:
- Any comb for animals must have blunt teeth, otherwise it will damage the skin. You can check its safety on yourself by running the teeth in the palm of your hand, if the teeth hooked on the skin or an unpleasant sensation appeared, then such a tool is not suitable.
- You should choose a tool with teeth less than the length of the pet’s hair.
- It is recommended to purchase at least two combs - for primary processing (removal of tangles, unraveling of fallen areas) and final processing.
- A comb comb, the teeth of which are very frequent (the distance between them is 0.5 mm), is designed to comb out parasites. However, if there is a dense coat, it cannot be used for its intended purpose, but it is quite possible to use it when molting to remove old wool.
If the pet has a long, silky coat, it is better to give preference to a massage brush, for dogs with short coat a brush with bristles is suitable, in appearance resembling an attribute for cleaning clothes or shoes.
Another important subject - "slicker", helps to cope with the usual thick coat. Their working surface is made of metal.
As with combs, the teeth should be dull in the slicker. On sale you can find a similar tool of various sizes, but experts do not recommend purchasing the largest. They not only do not accelerate the combing process, but are also not very convenient to use. For the average dog, a slicker with sides of 6-7 cm is suitable, for a larger pet - a little more. When choosing, it is worth evaluating the strength of the landing of the teeth, they should not hang loose.
Koltunorez - this tool allows you to reliably get rid of such troubles as fallen koltuny. But they do not cut the nodes, but unravel them. In fact, this is an excellent assistant for owners of long-haired pets, since almost always when combing you have to deal with lumps of wool.
3 types of chippers
Stainless steel chippers are made. They are equipped with convenient handles for use. Like other tools, this device is selected based on the size of the pet and the length of its coat.
Scaffolds - got such a name for their appearance. The people have a name - "rake". This is one of the most essential care devices. Here, when choosing, it is necessary to focus on the length of the teeth, the longer the fur, the longer the teeth should be. Scarves comb hair perfectly, and, in addition, clean the skin of the animal from dead cells and remove old wool during molting.
During use, it is necessary to keep the "rake" at an angle to the dog so as not to damage the skin.
Rubber or silicone gloves, brushes are used to care for smooth-haired dogs that are not burdened with thick undercoat. They are convenient to get rid of dead hair during seasonal molting. For the same purpose, you can use a small piece of suede fabric.
High technologies have also touched animal care products, and the furminator confirms this. The tool is made of stainless steel, and the plastic handle is equipped with a rubber anti-slip braid. According to studies, up to 90% of old wool can be removed at a time.
Furminator does not damage the skin and does not affect new hair and is suitable for almost all breeds, except those that have a minimal amount of undercoat or do without it at all. The device is very simple to use, just move it without effort in the direction of hair growth.
Read how to properly care for your dog .
Combing different types of wool
In nature, there are six types of dog hair, so it is important to know what type a pet belongs to in order to care for it correctly:
- The coat is “plain”. Differs in average length and density. Its owners include many breeds, for example, husky , Labrador , German shepherd, Spitz. The coat is double - long and hard on the outside, soft and shorter on the inside (undercoat). Like other breeds, these dogs molt twice a year, and during this period it is necessary to comb out the dogs as often as possible to help get rid of dead hair. The rest of the time, combing is performed no more than 2-3 times a week.
- Non-shedding stiff coat. Nature ordered in such a way that these breeds lost the ability to change their hair. But still it is necessary for them to help get rid of the old cover, however, combing out here will not help. Here plucking is carried out - trimming . This procedure is necessary for terriers, schnauzers, wire-haired terriers and some other representatives of rare breeds.
- The coat is smooth. Despite the scarce coat, dogs of short-haired breeds can intensively shed, and it is very difficult to remove their hair from carpets and furniture. They are combed out with special rubber brushes, but the slicker in this case is not useful. Such care is suitable for taxis , Dobermans , Dolmatins , Rottweilers, bulldogs, etc.
- Wool “curly” non-shedding. Poodles, some types of terriers possess it. The main care product, in this case, a haircut . Combing is carried out, of course, too, especially often during the molting period. A slicker or brush with a wire surface is used.
- The coat is “long”. The breeds that wear it are quite spectacular and always attract attention - these are Afghan hounds , briards , setters , long-haired collies and sheltie, spaniels, etc. To make the coat look well-groomed, it is necessary to comb it daily with a comb with rare teeth. The advantage of such dogs is that their rich undercoat is suitable for yarn and knitting warm clothes, healing belts, which some pet owners enjoy and use.
- Atypical coat. If you are lucky enough to become the owner of a pet of an exotic breed with a unique coat, for example, twisted by the type of tows like a bullet, then in this case it is unlikely to be able to figure out what to do with the dog’s hair. Consultation of the breeder or specialist in this matter will help.
Video about the correct combing of dogs:
General recommendations for combing dogs
Needless to say, almost all dog breeds are subject to combing, except for a few exotic ones. This is not only bringing the dog into proper shape, but also a hygienic procedure that removes insects, including parasitic ones, that have penetrated the hair, and eliminate old hairs, dirt and dust. And, in addition, it is an excellent massage of the skin that improves subcutaneous blood circulation.
In order for the dog to calmly tolerate combing of wool, it should be introduced to this matter as soon as possible. Moreover, many breeds require hair care from an early puppy's age. In order not to scare away the animal, it is necessary to use appropriate tools, then the dog will feel a minimum of discomfort, and after the event you should not skimp on affection, kind words and, of course, refreshments.
Here are some recommendations to make the procedure most fruitful:
- You need to start the procedure with a comb with rare teeth (this does not apply to animals with short hair).
- In long-haired dogs or breeds with elongated hair, it is important to pay special attention to certain areas of the body: areas of the ears (refers to spaniels and setters), muzzle (schnauzers, lapdogs), hind limbs, where the hair forms the so-called pants, and tail.
- After combing, it is recommended to use a special brush, leading it in the direction of growth of the coat. You need to start from the head, brush on the back, treating the sides and ending on the paws.
- The slicker is most often used for dogs with the usual type of coat, but for long-haired dogs this tool is best not to be used.
If combing a pet seems unattractive and you don’t want to carry out the procedure yourself or don’t have time, you can turn to a specialist groomer for help. Armed with a special tool, he is able to put in order even the most neglected wool.
In addition, the specialist will be able to help if the dog climbed into thorns, correct the consequences of an unsuccessful haircut and, most importantly, prepare the pet for an important event in a short time.