A forest is an amazing ecosystem, and in every corner of our planet you can find various forests: from tropical at the equator, in the tropics and subtropics to conifers in the taiga. The basis of each forest is trees, but there are also bushes and grasses, mosses and lichens, mushrooms and other forms of life. For many people, the forest is of vital importance for life, because since ancient times people have been collecting valuable berries, mushrooms, nuts, hunting animals. Over time, trees in the forest began to be actively cut down , because wood now has valuable economic value. It is used in construction and energy, in the manufacture of furniture and paper, in the chemical and other industries. The forest is harvested at such a pace that it causes great damage to the environment .
Why forest welfare is important
For nature, the full development of forests is simply irreplaceable. In addition to the fact that in the forests you can find many unique plants , it is home to many animals and microorganisms. The main functions of the ecological system are air purification and oxygen production.
Equally significant is the fact that with the help of trees you can reduce the amount of dust that is contained in the air. Only 1 hectare of forest can destroy 100 tons of dust. At the same time, an invaluable contribution from forests is made to the planet’s hydraulic system. Plantings are able to regulate and improve the water balance of a nearby pond. This is due to the fact that forest plants are able to accumulate moisture in a certain period of the year, and this, in turn, helps to maintain the full flow of nearby rivers and reservoirs.
The forest massif is capable of suppressing noise, not letting in a strong wind, improving air quality, increasing humidity and even changing the climate in a favorable direction. Forest is a filter and copes with the elimination of harmful chemicals in the air. Plantations also prevent the formation of landslides, mudflows and other adverse processes.
The significance of the forest for humans
The importance of forests for humans can be considered from three points: economic, environmental and social. The first of them allows providing the population with paper, building materials, furniture, medicinal products and other vital goods. And even causing irreparable harm to nature, people go to deforestation , as they aim to provide a person with everything necessary and, of course, make good money.
Deforestation statistics by country
|The country||The number of hectares (thousand)|
From an environmental point of view, the forest is a source of oxygen and a guarantor of nature conservation. The system provides people with the necessary conditions for life.
In a social vein, the forest is the heritage of mankind. Since ancient times, it was considered a source of resources that helped our ancestors survive, namely: find food, water and a safe haven.
But, despite the need to protect the forest and implement artificial plantings, the forest has been and will be in demand, as various goods and materials are made from it, and the forest industry is becoming more and more popular.
The fact is that trees are light planets, because only they are able to clean the air of harmful substances and release oxygen, which is necessary for people and fauna for life. The fewer trees left on the planet, the dirtier the atmosphere will be. The remaining forests are simply not able to filter the air, given that every day there are fewer trees, more pollution.
Ecological problems of the forest
Unfortunately, the main problem today is forest fires . They have a detrimental effect on trees and can completely destroy everything around, or severely damage the vegetation. As a result, the main functions of the forest - protective and water protection - are reduced, and sometimes even disappear. This is because outdoor recreation has become quite popular and as a result of people's negligence, not only littering the environment occurs, but the likelihood of forest fires increases. This problem remains one of the main for all countries of the world. States are developing special measures aimed at preventing fires, minimizing their spread and timely detection.
The next problem of forests is household waste and waste resulting from the harvesting of wood. Bark, stumps, boughs are an ideal place for propagation of forest pests . Household garbage not only worsens the aesthetic appearance, but in most cases it is recycled for a long time or does not decay at all.
The forest is important not only because it grows trees, but also because it is a home for many animals. In addition, plant roots protect the earth from destruction (water and wind erosion, degradation, desertification). Flora plays an important role in the process of the water cycle in nature. If you exclude the forest from any ecosystem, then all life forms will perish.
It is necessary to start caring for the forest with each person in particular. The ecological system requires proper care and care, but people not only do not appreciate the gifts of nature, but also contribute to the deterioration of the environment. The state of the country should monitor compliance with the rules and the condition of the forest. For enterprises involved in the forest industry, special rules and regulations for timber harvesting should be created.
Environmental actions for the forest
Today, forest conservation is one of the pressing global problems . No matter how the public discusses this issue, it still fails to stop the massive deforestation. To save the forest, you must follow these recommendations:
- reduce deforestation ;
- create special wood forms where to grow trees for sale;
- to plant treeless areas with new trees;
- use alternative materials in areas where wood is required;
- introduce a high duty on the import of wood into a particular country;
- carry out promotions that increase the area of green spaces;
- conduct educational and upbringing conversations that will help people form the concept of the value of the forest and nature in general.
Thus, air quality and the integrity of nature, including forests, depend on ourselves. Chopping or not chopping a tree is our choice. Of course, the massive destruction of forests is the business of huge corporations, but each person at the local level can try not to harm the environment, and this is already of great importance for the conservation of the forests of our planet.