Antarctica is located in the southern hemisphere, and is divided between different states. In the mainland, mainly research is carried out, but living conditions are not suitable. The soil of the continent is continuous glaciers and snowy deserts. An amazing world of flora and fauna was forming here, but human intervention led to environmental problems.
Glacier melting problem
One of the largest ecological problems in Antarctica is the melting of glaciers. This is due to global warming. The air temperature on the mainland is constantly rising. Partly in summer there is a complete separation of ice. This leads to the fact that animals have to adapt to live in new weather and climate conditions.
Glaciers are melting unevenly, some glaciers suffer less, others more. For example, the Larsen Glacier lost some of its mass, as several icebergs broke off from it and headed to the Weddell Sea.
Ozone hole over Antarctica
There is an ozone hole above Antarctica. This is dangerous because the ozone layer does not protect the surface from solar radiation, the air temperature heats up more and the problem of global warming becomes even more urgent. Ozone holes also contribute to an increase in cancer, lead to the death of marine animals and the death of plants.
According to the latest research of scientists, the ozone hole gradually began to drag out over Antarctica, and, perhaps, will disappear in decades. If people do not take actions to restore the ozone layer, and continue to contribute to atmospheric pollution, then the ozone hole above the icy continent may increase again.
The problem of biosphere pollution
As soon as people first appeared on the mainland, they brought garbage with them, and every time people leave behind a huge amount of waste. Now in the territory of Antarctica there are many scientific stations. People and equipment are delivered to them by various modes of transport, the gasoline and fuel oil of which pollutes the biosphere. Also here, entire landfills of garbage and waste are formed, which must be disposed of.
Not all environmental problems of the coldest continent of the earth are listed. Despite the fact that there are no cities, cars, factories and a large number of people, anthropogenic activity in this part of the world has caused great damage to the environment.