The Atlantic and Pacific, Indian and Arctic Oceans, as well as continental water bodies make up the World Ocean. The hydrosphere plays a crucial role in shaping the planet’s climate. Under the influence of solar energy, part of the water of the oceans evaporates and falls in the form of precipitation on the territory of the continents. The circulation of surface waters moisturizes the continental climate, brings heat or cold to the mainland. The water of the oceans changes its temperature more slowly, therefore it differs from the temperature of the earth. It should be noted that the climatic zones of the oceans are the same as on land.
Climatic zones of the Atlantic Ocean
The Atlantic Ocean has a large extent and four atmospheric centers are formed in it with different air masses - warm and cold. The temperature regime of water is affected by water exchange with the Mediterranean Sea, the Antarctic Seas and the Arctic Ocean. In the Atlantic Ocean, all the climatic zones of the planet pass, therefore, completely different weather conditions in different parts of the ocean.
Climatic zones of the Indian Ocean
The Indian Ocean is located in four climatic zones. In the northern part of the ocean is a monsoon climate, which was formed under the influence of the continental. A warm tropical zone has a high temperature of air masses. Sometimes there are storms with strong winds, and even tropical hurricanes occur. Most precipitation falls in the equatorial zone. It is cloudy here, especially in the area close to the Antarctic waters. Clear and favorable weather occurs in the Arabian Sea.
Climatic zones of the Pacific
The climate of the Pacific Ocean is influenced by the weather of the Asian continent. Solar energy is distributed zonally. The ocean is located in almost all climatic zones, except the Arctic. Depending on the belt, in different areas there is a difference in atmospheric pressure, and various air flows circulate. In winter, strong winds prevail, and in summer - southerly and weak. In the equatorial zone, calm weather almost always prevails. Warmer temperature conditions in the western part of the Pacific Ocean, in the east - cooler.
Climatic zones of the Arctic Ocean
The climate of this ocean was affected by its polar location on the planet. Constant ice masses make the weather harsh. In winter, solar energy does not enter and the water does not heat up. In summer there is a long polar day and a sufficient amount of solar radiation arrives. Different parts of the ocean have different rainfall. The climate is affected by water exchange with neighboring water areas, Atlantic and Pacific air currents.