Staff is a dog that appeared in our country relatively recently. Despite the rather dangerous and bloodthirsty reputation, the American Staffordshire Terrier immediately gained great popularity both among professional breeders and among ordinary dog lovers. The reason for such a widespread prevalence of animals lies far from the fighting character. Contrary to common misconceptions, the breed is perfect for home maintenance and protection. Smart, sensitive, kind four-legged favorite is optimal for families with children.
Staff is a dog that appeared in our country relatively recently.
History of the origin of staffs
The long history of Staffordshire terriers originates in distant England, where the ancestors of this breed - English bulldogs - grew up. The progenitors of staffs were widely appreciated for their fighting qualities. Initially, they were used as fighters in arenas with rats. Later, when dog fights appeared, their organizers needed a more nimble dog. And as a result of the crossbreeding of bulldogs and terriers, pit bull terriers arose, combining the stubbornness of the former and the agility of the latter. When dog fighting was banned, the new breed did not disappear: its brave representatives were very fond of the townspeople. The fashion for pit bull terriers lasted for a long time. Among wealthy and noble people it was considered prestigious to have such a famous pet at home.
But in America, unlike Great Britain, they were in no hurry to say goodbye to dog fights. To get an even more powerful animal, pit bulls were crossed with larger dog breeds. And so the Staffordshire Terrier appeared. Already in the XVIII century, dog breeders began to consider the animal as a brave, courageous and impartial guard, possessing optimal sizes, a proper mind and strength. And at the beginning of the 20th century, when they began to gradually abandon fighting amusements, they began to use staff as farm dogs. Today, representatives of this breed are excellent defenders and reliable friends for all family members.
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Staff is a smart and good-natured dog. Despite the rather frightening appearance, the sudden outbursts of aggression are completely untypical for him. The dog simply adores small children. It is optimally suited specifically for large families, will become a faithful, devoted and reliable friend. However, only proper upbringing and care will help the dog to show its best qualities.
The long history of Staffordshire terriers originates in distant England, where the ancestors of this breed grew - English Bulldogs
There are several characteristics of the breed that the owners should be aware of.
- Staffs are very obedient and easy to train. The dog easily remembers what pranks are permissible in the house, and what is strictly forbidden to do. It’s absolutely easy to train an animal. Even a child older than 10 years old can easily cope with this task, but only under the close supervision of adults. Even small puppies quickly get used to obedience. For this quality they are highly appreciated and often recruited to work in search and rescue services. It is the representatives of this breed that become the best guide and rescuers. These dogs earned universal love during the rescue operation at the Nord-Ost. With their help, experts examined the objects before the start of the assault.
- Activity is another key quality of pets. They just love fun pastime, can not imagine their life without running, long walks and jumps. The more time the owner is ready to devote to the dog and the more games he offers her, the better. Staffords are absolutely not suitable for couch potatoes. If the dog does not use up seething energy for a walk, he will certainly throw it out at home, causing serious damage. Therefore, it is extremely important to find time for a long promenade and games.
- Many people believe that the Staffordshire Terrier is aggressive and does not mind eating strangers. In fact, this is completely wrong: the breed is very social, dogs love it when their owners meet guests, and adore the kids. Pets condescendingly tolerate all the tricks and pranks of younger family members, they play with pleasure with them and even act as nannies. With no less friendliness, the staffs also relate to the other four-legged ones that they meet on a walk.
Staff is a smart and good-natured dog.
Experienced dog breeders unanimously argue that the breed itself is incredibly loyal, friendly, calm and peaceful. Such a dog is not a threat. But the owner is dangerous for those around her, who is engaged in training and gives the pet commands. Staff obeys the owner implicitly and, without hesitation, carries out any order.
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The fighting character of the Staffordshire Terriers is manifested exclusively in battle. In relation to the enemy, the dog is extremely aggressive, here it is simply impossible to control it. Therefore, all individuals who at least once showed aggression and hatred towards humans were immediately removed from breeding. This was done not only for safety, but also so that during dog fights, opponents could be pulled away with their bare hands, without fear of suffering.
Pets Care Features
Like any pet, adult dogs and staph puppies require proper care. However, unlike many breeds, this one is absolutely unpretentious. It is enough to follow a few simple rules.
- Staffordshire terriers do not need frequent bathing. It is possible to carry out water procedures at least 1-2 times a year. And to get rid of small hairs and particles of dead skin, it is enough to periodically wipe the dog’s hair with a damp towel.
- It is necessary to comb the staff wool regularly. Furminator is not recommended, because the hairline is too short for him.
- Staffs need regular walking and active pastime. It is important to spend at least 1.5-2 hours a day with them on the street. It is advisable to play with the pet more often by throwing him a stick or ball. A four-legged friend will be an excellent companion for athletes, they are great for agility. The dog will not lag behind the owner, even if he decides to ride a bike. However, do not forget that in crowded places you need to wear a harness on the animal.
- Dry feeds and natural foods are suitable for feeding staffs. If you settled on the first option, do not save on food. Cheap food can cause serious harm to the health of a pet, so you should choose elite varieties. They will provide the pet with all the necessary vitamins and minerals. If natural food is chosen for feeding, meat, offal, cereals, sea fish, eggs, vegetables must be present in the diet. The latter is better to give in boiled or stewed form, so they are better absorbed.
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From early childhood, the animal should be accustomed to cleanliness. It must sleep on its own litter, which should be washed regularly. The dog should get used to cope only on the street.
Experienced dog breeders unanimously argue that the breed itself is incredibly loyal, friendly, calm and peaceful.
Sociable, balanced and friendly stafford will be a great pet. However, it should be remembered that he needs a leading, confident owner. The owner must become a mentor and leader. If you are sure that you can cope with this role, feel free to go choose a puppy.
Staffordshire terriers are mothers with many children. Amstaff gives birth to 6 to 10 puppies at a time. Having decided to have a four-legged pet of this breed, be sure to ask the breeder of his pedigree. You should also get information about eating habits and schedule, vaccinations, the nature of the animal and its parents. If the pet has brothers and sisters from other litters, you should also inquire about their habits. Particular attention should be paid to all this if you are going to take part in pedigree work and dog shows in the future.
Stafford puppies are incredibly agile, playful and curious. In order for their energy to go back on track, the upbringing of pets must be regular and consistent.
Breeders make some important recommendations for keeping a new family member.
- Usually moving to a new home takes place at Staffordshire Terriers in 2 months. From the first day of life with the new owners, the dog should understand what can be done and what is strictly prohibited. All people living in the apartment must strictly abide by the established rules. Otherwise, the animal will quickly become disillusioned with one owner and will seek loyalty from another.
- In staffs at 4 months, the change of primary teeth usually begins. During this period, they scratch their jaws about everything that gets in the way, they can also gnaw important things of the owner. To prevent this, you need to purchase special toys.
- Staff puppies must have their own place where they can relax and sleep. A sleeping corner can be arranged in the corridor or in the master's room. It is important not to allow the animal to go to bed, then it will be extremely difficult to wean it from this habit.
- Despite the fact that the little dog is incredibly active, physical activity at a young age should be strictly dosed. Overfatigue can adversely affect the health of the pet, leading to improper development of the joints and bones of the skeleton.
- Raising an animal should be carried out only by the owner. Outsiders are strictly forbidden to interfere in this process.
- After the walk, you need to wash the animal's paws and carefully inspect them for injuries and cuts.
- Raising a baby is possible only in teams, without screaming and assault. To scold an animal for disobedience, it is quite enough to speak with a strict voice.
- You can feed the little Staffordshire only after a walk. Active games and running on a full stomach can cause digestive problems and cause sagging tummy. In addition, a well-fed puppy will tire out much faster and will want to sleep.
- Bowls for food and drink must be on the coasters. Their height must be increased as the pet grows up and grows.
- The puppy's daily diet should contain at least 30% protein food. Protein is the most important building material that is especially needed by a growing body.
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In order for the little pet to always be healthy and cheerful, it is necessary not only to properly care for him, but also to be vaccinated in a timely manner. As a rule, the first vaccine is given to the animal in two months. Until this age, immunity transmitted from the mother protects him from diseases. 2 weeks before vaccination, deworming is necessary. A detailed vaccination schedule will be developed by the veterinarian. At about four months old, the animal's teeth begin to change. If some vaccination has fallen during this time, it is better to transfer it to avoid complications.
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Characteristic breed diseases
Like any dog breed, staff has several characteristic diseases. Most often found in animals:
- various skin diseases;
- disorders of the gastrointestinal tract;
- eye diseases, in particular cataract;
- ruptures of ligaments and arthrosis;
- hip dysplasia.
From the most dangerous ailments, such as plague, hepatitis, rabies and parainfluenza, puppies are vaccinated at an early age. And in order to avoid diseases, the probability of which is especially high among representatives of the breed, it is recommended to visit a veterinarian regularly for the purpose of prevention. Remember that any ailment is easier to prevent than to cure.
Having decided to have a Staffordshire Terrier, you will find a reliable friend, a loyal defender and a loyal companion. The animal will become a full member of the family. The main thing is to give the pet as much attention and care as possible. Then he will repay you with sincere love and devotion. If you understand that you have little time for raising a pet, it is better to give preference to representatives of another breed.