The miniature schnauzer dog is a small animal with a big and kind heart. She is always in the top 20 most popular breeds of the USA, England and Germany, but she is bred around the world. She is a “friend of people” and an extrovert with moderately high energy who constantly wants to have fun. And you will never get bored with her. She is incredibly loyal to her family, and she needs a lot of attention.
The miniature schnauzer dog is a small animal with a big and kind heart.
Zwergschnauzers were initially bred as guard dogs on farms. They were bred in the middle-end of the XIX century in Germany by crossing the middling schnauzer with smaller breeds, such as a miniature pinscher, athenpinscher and poodle. In Germany, this dog is known as the miniature schnauzer (“miniature” means “dwarf”).
Zwergschnauzers were initially bred as guard dogs on farms
There are no reports on how the miniature schnauzer was bred, but it is clear that the goal was to create a smaller version of the well-established standard schnauzer. The earliest record of the miniature schnauzer was made by a woman named Findel, who was born in October 1888. In 1895, the first club of this breed was formed in Cologne, although he accepted several types of dogs. The first and second world wars were difficult for breeding dogs, especially in Europe, where some breeds were almost lost. But interest in the miniature schnauzers was the same after World War I, and the dog’s popularity has not declined since then.
One aspect that has changed from the first days is color. Previously, one could find a schnauzer of almost any size in red, black and brown and yellow, but not today, when shades of black and silver prevail. The appearance of the miniature schnauzer may change again.
Miniature Schnauzer (video)
The dog has a long beard and bushy eyebrows. The miniature schnauzer breed is no longer used for hunting, (although the instinct in animals is still preserved), but the dogs are lively and mischievous.
The miniature schnauzer dog breed loves to be at the forefront. But even though the dog is small, you should not take the miniature schnauzer for a tame and complaisant dog. They are not so delicate. Due to her size, she may be a good city dog, but she needs daily exercise, she needs to move. Therefore, the miniature schnauzer is great for families with suburban or farms (especially this dog is good for places where there may be rats, as it will help fight them). It adapts well to any climate, but it can quickly gain weight if it is not trained or properly fed.
The dog has a long beard and bushy eyebrows.
The dog protects the people it loves, and is often suspicious of strangers. This is an excellent watch dog, he will always warn about visitors, crackers. His barking can be piercing. Unlike the golden retriever, the dog will not lick the burglar in the waiting room, as she perfectly understands the seriousness of the situation in full.
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The Miniature Schnauzer is smart and learns fast. It can be taught various tricks. At the same time, he can be stubborn. His favorite way of rebellion is to pretend that he does not hear the master when they try to make him do something. To maintain order in the family, the owner of the dog must be responsible. If you let go of the disobedience to the owner at least once, then the miniature schnauzer will remember this forever, and then this behavior will become a habit.
But since the dog is easy to train (one of the advantages of this breed), he is inclined to excel in competitions in obedience and dexterity. Miniature schnauzers participate in various tests on the ground. In the end, dogs were born to dig. It also means that you can expect a random headless rodent at your doorstep. Unlike a cat offering, this is not a gift of love, but the hallmark of a warrior who killed a beast.
Historically, miniature schnauzer ears have been trimmed for cosmetic purposes. However, now Americans are trying to get rid of this tradition, as more and more people believe that it is not worth doing this for purely cosmetic reasons (as opposed to trimming the tail, which prevents tail injuries during sleep). However, most miniature schnauzers who participate in dog shows still have their ears trimmed.
Gallery: miniature schnauzer dog (25 photos)
Color, size and care
Miniature schnauzers have the following colors: black and “pepper and salt”, silver or white. Historically, a white dog does not participate in the American Kennel Club show, as some believe that the white miniature is, by definition, the color of purely domestic animals (which does not matter for the temperament of the dog). Many miniature schnauzer lovers do not like white, because if they wanted to have a white terrier, they would prefer the West Highland White Terrier. Black color is considered a favorite among fans of this breed. This breed has a double coat. The top layer is dense, so the undercoat practically does not fall out. Because of this, some people think this is the perfect pet dog, especially for those with asthma.
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Many breeders are interested in how long these dogs live. On average, their life expectancy is 12-14 years.
Miniature schnauzers are strong and do not seem like toy dogs. Their sizes, as a rule, range from 32 to 37 cm in height. Weight ranges from 5.3 to 9.2 kg.
Miniature schnauzers should be carefully looked after to make them look better. Most people consider dogs to be professional groomers, but you can learn how to care for your pet’s coat on your own. When grooming, the process of removing dead hair is important, especially when the dog is being prepared for the show. Most professional hairdressers do not comb this breed, but use scissors. The use of electric clippers means that the wire top layer will disappear. It is necessary to brush the miniature schnauzer's coat 2-3 times a week so that it does not get tangled, especially for long hair on the face and legs. Be sure to check the armpit hair, as this is the place where lumps often form. It is also nice to wash your beard after eating. It is necessary to brush your teeth 2-3 times a week to remove the accumulation of tartar and bacteria that are hidden inside. Daily brushing is even better, as gum disease and bad breath can be prevented.
Toenails need to be cut 1-2 times a month (if the dogs do not wear them naturally) to prevent painful tears and other problems. If you hear them clicking on the floor, then they are too long. Keep in mind that dogs have blood vessels on their nails, so if you cut them too much, you can cause bleeding, and the dog will run away the next time he sees nail clippers. Dog ears should be checked weekly for redness or bad smell, which may indicate infection. When checking the ears, wipe them with a cotton swab moistened with a gentle, balanced pH filter for the ears to prevent infection.
You need to teach the miniature schnauzer to such care while he is a puppy. Grooming should be a positive experience for the dog, full of praises and awards, because this can lay the foundation for easy veterinary checks. A thorough weekly exam will help you identify potential early health problems.
All about the breed (video)
The miniature schnauzer is full of life. An extrovert, he likes to be in the center of events. He wants to be with the owner all the time, most often he will want to even sleep with him. The miniature schnauzer is a terrier, the dog has a restless temperament, he believes that his job is to entertain the owner. The dog is difficult to tolerate loneliness, so he must be with people. The Miniature Schnauzer is very smart, which makes learning easy, but it also means that he is a master of manipulation. This, combined with dog stubbornness, will sometimes become a problem.
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The Miniature Schnauzer is people-oriented and wants nothing more than to communicate with them. He is incredibly affectionate. The Miniature Schnauzer is smart, mischievous, but often stubborn. Protecting the house and family, he will bark even at low noise. He treats children and other dogs well, but he should not be trusted with small mammals. Always keep a miniature schnauzer on a leash when it is not in a fenced area. If he sees something and wants to pursue it, he will ignore the owner’s commands. The miniature schnauzer is smart and energetic, he needs various activities and exercises. If he is not given either one or the other, then the dog can become destructive and evil.
The miniature schnauzer is not as evil as some terriers, but sometimes it can be aggressive towards other dogs. Like every dog, the miniature schnauzer needs early socialization: communication with different people, sounds and emotions. Socialization helps ensure that a miniature schnauzer puppy grows into a good obedient dog.
Cataracts cause the opacity of the lens of the eye, which leads to poor vision. The dog will have blurred vision. Cataracts usually occur in old age and can sometimes be removed surgically (this is done to improve vision).
Progressive retinal atrophy is a group of eye diseases that is associated with a gradual deterioration of the retina. At the onset of the disease, affected dogs become blind. They lose their vision gradually, as the disease progresses. Many affected dogs adapt well to their limited or lost vision if their surroundings remain the same.
Stone disease can cause the miniature schnauzer to strain to urinate, blood may appear in the urine, he can urinate more often than usual and have dirty and badly smelling urine. While small stones can come out on their own, do not delay the visit to a professional. Dietary changes do not guarantee disposal of existing stones, but this can prevent the formation of more stones.
Miniature schnauzers are healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain diseases. Therefore, it is important to know all the possible diseases and rules for caring for the dog. And then the miniature schnauzer will be a great addition to an active family.