The Norwich Terrier is the smallest terrier of all the variety of this breed group. For this reason, this dog is intended for hunting the smallest game - rodents.
Norwich Terrier - the smallest terrier of all the variety of this breed group
History of the breed
The Norwich dog breed appeared not so long ago - only 2 centuries ago. It happened in eastern England, in the county of Norfolk, in the city of Norwich.
In order to make a Norwich terrier, several English terriers with good hunting skills were crossed, as well as the Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier. In 1939, a new breed was registered in the English club of dog breeders.
The Norwich Terrier bears a strong resemblance to its ancestor Norfolk Terrier. They differ in ears. Norfolk’s ears are hanging, and its descendant, according to genetic selection, they not only stick up, but are pointed at the tips.
These dogs with different ears were assigned to separate breeds only in 1964. Previously, it was one breed, representatives of which simply had different ears.
The dog breed Norwich appeared not so long ago - only 2 centuries ago
Before gaining their real name, Norwich terriers were called differently:
- just shaggy or, in English - rags, that is, shaggy and disheveled;
- Cambridge Terrier for the love of university students for this small dog;
- rattlers, that is, rat catchers, which fully corresponded to reality;
- Jones Terrier (this is an American version of the name).
However, the club of dog breeders, having approved the breed standard, put an end to the discrepancies in the title.
Thus, the breed standard turned out to be similar to the standard of all bred dogs, the main feature of which is small size, strong physique, moderately wide chest, short legs, active and assertive character.
Norwich Terriers (video)
Gallery: dog Norwich Terrier (25 photos)
The main features of the breed
The Norwich Terrier breed description is as follows.
- This dog has a compact body with developed muscles, a short back and a long chest. It weighs an average of about 5 kg. The height at the withers reaches 25 cm. Sometimes there are giants reaching a height of 30 cm.
- The limbs are short, relatively thick. The front legs look less muscular than the hind legs, which is justified for normal dogs. During the hunt, this terrier needs to be strongly repelled by its hind legs.
See also: How to train a dog
The shoulders are slightly laid back, the elbows are adjacent to the chest of the body, the wrists are at an angle to the surface of the fulcrum. The hips are relatively long and strong, the knees and the metatarsus are at a natural angle, which indicates the strength inherent in this breed.
Paws, although short, but large, due to the need to actively dig the ground.
- The muzzle is elongated, wedge-shaped.
- Ears are erect, pointed, spaced far apart.
- The eyes are almond-shaped and very dark.
- The tail is standardly docked at 2/3.
- Coat color is allowed by the breed standard in large ranges. Usually it is a grizzly color, wheat of different shades, flesh to red, gray and black. Various white blotches are considered a drawback, with the exception of a discoloration caused by scars.
- This dog has a hard coat. On the head and ears it is smooth and short, on the shoulders and neck it resembles a mane or collar.
A dog is cheerful and good-natured, which is not always characteristic of small dogs. Usually they are nervous and even aggressive. However, in hunting dogs, even of small stature, nerves are usually strong, and the mood is cheerful.
Norwich terriers are particularly loyal to their owner, which is not always characteristic of dogs with a passionate character as a hunter. However, over the years of his life as a companion who does not know what game is even in the form of a rat, this dog lost its hunting pressure, but did not lose its charm and unusual charm.
These dogs are very mobile. They need to not just run around, bark and discover something new. They need long walks to places where you can poke your nose everywhere, bark, chase someone or look for someone. These are little gambling adventurers.
The temperament of these hunters is usually described with a hint of some uncontrollability. In the description of the character standard, a special line highlights such characteristics as active, hardy, purposeful, tireless. However, among these characteristics, there is not a word about foolishness, disobedience, and hooligan manners.
The dog is cheerful and good-natured, which is not always characteristic of small dogs
So, before you get this little charming creature, think about whether you can provide him with the proper conditions of detention. And most importantly - whether you yourself can withstand this pace of life.
This description may give the impression that this dog is difficult to manage and its cheerful disposition can turn into nervous exhaustion and headache of the owner. Nothing like this. This dog is obedient and knows the measure of pranks.
See also: Russian Black Terrier
Despite its activity and injustice, the Norwich Terrier has an easygoing and friendly disposition. In communication with other dogs, he prefers funny games, rather than aggressive fights.
With children, these terriers get along well. They are able to successfully perform the functions of a nanny, security guard and partner. Despite his small stature, this terrier will not take offense against himself and the owner's family. Children are subject to special protection. Their little brave man protects as his puppies, that is, with all self-forgetfulness and self-sacrifice.
Usually on walks in fights and dogfights, he does not enter. Such a fuss is below his dignity. This little dog behaves like a big one. It seems that the Norwich Terrier is really sure that he will defeat all enemies of any size.
Despite the fact that this breed is rarely used for its intended purpose, breeders try to preserve all the original qualities of the character of a little hunter. Thus, the teeth of this terrier are still strong, and large dogs will envy the force of compression of the jaws.
When keeping this dog, one should bear in mind its limited tolerance. She will be friends with all people if they treat her well. She will accept cats and other dogs in her flock. However, as for the natural prey of these dogs, do not be disciplined here - mice, hamsters, guinea pigs, rats and other rodents can become a victim of the hunting instincts of the terrier. Special educational measures can restrain the hunter's impulse for some time, but the nerves can not stand it. So the owner of Norwich Terriers will have to limit themselves to something and make a choice.
All about the breed Norwich Terrier (video)
Maintenance and care
If you decide to buy Norwich Terrier puppies, then know that it is not difficult to feed him. The diet of these dogs at any age is no different from that of other dogs. The only problem is the amount of feed. The fact is that they are easy to feed. Like every hunting breed, in the genes of which the desire to run all the time is encoded, Norwich Terrier puppies do not know how to keep food. Adult individuals have the same property.
As a result, a fun and moving creature turns into a wool barrel with shortness of breath and loss of ability to trademark activity of a terrier. The biggest nuisance is that a fat dog will gradually have problems with joints and breathing.
See also: Dog breed Yorkshire Terrier
Overweight dogs develop shortness of breath syndrome with age. It is unclear whether this is a hereditary pathology inherent only to this breed, or it is a disease of age, however, most dogs of this breed begin to breathe shallowly. It seems that it hurts to breathe. As a result, oxygen starvation appears, which entails other diseases. Nobody has been able to cure this syndrome, the reasons have not been established. It remains only to periodically stop the attacks.
In order to keep the dog healthy from an early age and possibly avoid painful breathing problems, you need to walk a lot with it. This is not such a big problem. If you live in your own house, and you have a lawn, then the terrier will provide himself with a set of training. Periodically, the dog should be taken for walks along a long route, preferably into the forest. Here he runs forward a week in advance. And most importantly - he will dig the earth, which is extremely important for a burrow hunter.
Another problem for all purebred domestic dogs is feeding. People are too keen on special feeds. Meanwhile, these are canned goods. Perhaps they are fortified and provided with the right amount of minerals, but it’s still canned. In the diet of a puppy and an adult dog, there must be balanced feed with raw foods. Raw meat and fish are especially significant.
Buy not salted frozen herring, clean it of bones, cut into small pieces and add to some porridge or special dog food. So your pet will get the right amount of organic matter, vitamins and minerals. You should not worry about helminth infections - there are no parasites in marine fish that are dangerous for terrestrial mammals.
You can feed your pet slices of beef, veterinary tested. It is best to buy a heart, kidneys, pancreas - they have fewer parasites.
Regularly checking the dog for parasites relieve the risk of developing a parasitic disease, and the owners - from worrying about their pet.
There is another problem with Norwich Terriers - this is wool. The remaining hair of them is constantly growing, and the undercoat sheds as usual, that is, 2 times a year. So mandatory grooming procedures are not only combing, but grooming. Grooming refers to both haircutting and brushing. Since this small, brisk creature has a complex coat, it is necessary to regularly trim and remove old hair.
That's all the difficulties of keeping Norwich Terriers. In Russia, these dogs are not very common. Perhaps due to the fact that there are few breeders of this breed, and the prices for puppies are high.