Russian toy terriers are representatives of decorative breeds of dogs. They owe their popularity not only to their pretty appearance and compact size, but also to their cheerfulness, devotion and good natured character.
In Russia, the beginning of the XX century. English toy terriers were popular. But in the 20s. too little attention began to be paid to their breeding, which led to the almost complete disappearance of the breed in the 50s.
At this time, Russian dog handlers and breeders were busy restoring the breed, which was not easy, since almost all of the remaining dogs were no longer purebred. But it was this fact that made it possible to get a new breed - Russian toy terriers.
For a long time there were only smooth-haired representatives of the breed, but in 1958 a puppy with hairs on its ears and paws was born in one litter. At first, the baby was considered a breed marriage, but later breeders and breeders appreciated his appearance and began to specially breed these dogs.
In 1966, the long-haired variety was officially recognized and the breed standard.
Who will suit
These are cheerful and sociable dogs that get along well in large families with small children and become loyal friends of single people. Representatives of this breed everywhere follow the owners, which makes them ideal companion dogs.
Character and Psychology
Russian toy terriers are very sociable, friendly and affectionate, have a lively temperament and perky disposition. They quickly become attached to the owners and endure loneliness, but will never be imposed.
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Representatives of this breed are not prone to aggression, but only if properly educated. It is necessary to start training from the first days of the appearance of the puppy in the house, immediately showing him who is in charge and setting the rules of behavior and the limits of acceptable.
Of course, they need love and care, but the lack of education and permissiveness can cause destructive behavior and the so-called "Napoleon complex" when the dog considers himself a leader, shows aggression and requires the owners to fulfill all whims.
Well-mannered and socialized toy terriers behave in a friendly manner, they are happy to meet not only the owners, but also the guests, get along with children and other pets.
It is better to get a puppy in a specialized kennel from professional breeders, otherwise there is a risk of buying a sick or unclean dog.
A healthy, standard puppy should not have:
- discharge from the nose, eyes, ears;
- rash, redness;
- bloated abdomen;
- short legs;
- hanging ears.
The presence of bald patches in smooth-haired dogs and the absence of hair on the ears and curls in long-haired individuals are also unacceptable.
Inspect your eyes regularly and wipe them weekly with a lint-free cloth soaked in chamomile broth or a weak tea brew. Ears are cleaned once a month from sulfur, dust and dirt with a cotton swab dipped in warm water.
Cut the nails with a guillotine claw every 3-4 weeks so as not to hurt the blood vessels. Smooth sharp edges with a nail file. Brush your teeth every 7-10 days with a special toothpaste and brush for dogs.
These dogs can be taught to cope without a problem in a diaper or in a tray, so walks are needed more likely to maintain physical and mental health.
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They love active games, but they quickly get tired, so the optimal duration of a walk is 40-60 minutes. In summer, walking your pet is better in the morning or in the evening, when there is no scorching sun and the risk of sunstroke, in winter - at any time, but only in warm clothes.
Combing and bathing
Shedding in Russian toy terriers takes place 2 times a year, but it is almost invisible. It is not necessary to cut the representatives of this breed. Hair care consists only in regular (1-2 times a week for short-haired and daily for long-haired dogs) combing with a soft brush with natural bristles or special mittens.
This allows you to get rid of dead hairs and improve blood circulation. These dogs need to be bathed about once a month, using a shampoo appropriate for the type of coat.
Representatives of this breed can be fed with natural products or industrial feed. It is only important to ensure that the diet is balanced and contains all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
The number of daily feeds depends on the age of the dog:
- 1-2 months - 4 times;
- 2-6 months - 3 times;
- six months and older - 2 times.
The natural menu should consist of:
- lean meat;
- sea fish;
- fruits and vegetables;
- dairy products.
- pickles and pickles;
- smoked meats, sausages;
- spicy, fatty and fried foods;
- tubular bones.
It should be noted that 15-30% of the daily norm should be meat and offal, 30-35% - cereals, 20-25% - vegetables, 10% - fruits. Eggs and fermented milk products in small quantities can be given no more than 1 time per week.
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Industrial feeds must be premium or super premium and contain everything you need for the healthy growth and development of the pet. The feeds of the Royal Canin, Hills, Acana, Pro Plan brands are considered the best.
Health and characteristic diseases
On average, Russian toy terriers live 12-15 years and have good health for decorative breeds. However, there are a number of diseases most characteristic of these dogs:
- dislocation of the patella;
- ear infections;
- retinal atrophy;
It is important to understand that most of these diseases are the result of improper pet care.
- 3 weeks - vaccination against dog borderellosis and parainfluenza;
- 4 weeks - a vaccine against plague of carnivores and parvovirus enteritis;
- 8-10 weeks - revaccination + vaccination against viral hepatitis and leptospirosis;
- 11-13 weeks - repeat all previous vaccines + vaccine against rabies.
In the future, a pet should be vaccinated annually.
Mating and childbirth
When deciding to breed, you should consider several important points:
- It is forbidden to cross smooth-haired terriers with long-haired;
- you can knit a bitch no earlier than 3 estrus;
- individuals weighing less than 1.5 kg are not allowed for breeding.
As a rule, during pregnancy, the bitch's appetite increases and the main task of the owner is to provide her with quality nutrition, vitamins and minerals. Russian toy terriers often experience complications during childbirth, so it is advisable to have a veterinarian who can provide urgent help to both the bitch and the puppies.