The territory of the Rostov region is predominantly flat. Forests occupy 22%. The climate is temperate continental . In January, the average temperature is from -10 to -5, in July - from +22 to +25. The main river of the region is the Don, and various tributaries adjoin it. There are 3 reservoirs in the region - Veselovskoe, Proletarskoe, Tsimlyanskoe. In the south is the Tagangrog Bay - a depth of 2-6 meters. Water saturation is provided by meltwater, to a lesser extent by rain.
Rostov region is located in the steppe zone, near the ravines and gullies are forests. On the territory there is a reserve "Rostov". Also on the territory there are several swamps.
Steppes - plain spaces covered with grass vegetation, make up 25-30%. There are many herbs listed in the Red Book, there are shrubs, flowers, weeds.
Plants of the Rostov region
Forests are represented by coniferous and broad-leaved trees. On the territory there are about 1250 species. Due to the mild climate, plants brought from other countries grow in the region. These include:
East plane tree
Spruce, pine, oak, birch grow in the forests. Christmas trees are spread in the east, they occupy about 25% of the total area. There are oak forests in the region where oaks grow.
In the meadows you can find about 30 species of herbs.
Polevitsa - forage grass, refers to perennial cereal plants. Reaches a meter height. It is used as livestock feed.
Orlyak is a grassy fern. Distributed around the globe. In some regions listed in the Red Book.
Alfalfa - a shrub, legumes. Leaves and fruits contain a large number of trace elements.
Mouse peas - perennial plants, reaches up to 120 cm tall. It is melliferous, medicinal, fodder.
Near the marshes there are a large number of berries - cloudberries, blueberries, blueberries, cranberries, lingonberries . Mushrooms are found in these places.
Fauna of the Rostov region
The fauna is represented by ungulates, predators, insectivores, bats, rodents. They live in forests.
Elk is a representative of artiodactyls . About 100 individuals live on their territory.
Deer are another representative of artiodactyls . Horns are found only in males. Horns are dumped every year and grow back.
Roe deer are small deer. Males have two horns branching twice. It is a valuable hunting animal. It lives in deciduous forests.
Fallow deer is a medium-sized deer larger than a roe deer. Coloring varies with the seasons. Favorite hunting object.
Rodents are represented by rats, mice.
Beavers are rodent mammals. Leads a semi-aquatic lifestyle. The length of his body reaches a meter. The beaver lives in a hole, the entrance is located under water. In bodies of water with varying water levels, they build platinum.
Nutria is a rodent mammal, the only representative of the nutria family. Outwardly resembles a large rat. Leads a semi-aquatic lifestyle. Lives near marshy rivers, swamps.
Muskrats - a mammal animal from the vole subfamily. Also outwardly resemble rats. Weight reaches up to 2 kg. They live in holes.
In the forests there are birds - finches , starlings , tits, swallows, larks, crows, magpies, woodpeckers, pigeons, hawks, owls. Near the reservoirs live ducks, geese , gulls. On the fields there are storks, partridges. Sandpipers, cranes, herons live near the swamps.
In reservoirs a large number of fish is found - bream, zander, catfish, ide. Of marine species - herring, sprat, cod.